Prevention of mother to child transmission is a
South Africa continues to have a high rate of mother to
child transmission of HIV. Almost 28% of pregnant women and 30% of
mothers are HIV-positive and an estimated 300,000 mothers need
treatment each year.
The National HIV & AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South
Africa, 2007-2011 (NSP), aims to reduce the rate of mother-to-child
transmission to less than 5% by 2011.
Progress with implementation of the PMTCT programme has been mixed,
with greater gains made in some health districts than others.
Reaching the NSP target will require a major national effort,
including social mobilization and investments in health system
Funding effective interventions in PMTCT
By the end of December 2008, the DFID-funded MSP had allocated
around R13.3 million to PMTCT projects. These projects have focused
in different ways on reducing mortality in mothers and children by
improving not only the quality of PMTCT services but also the
provision of comprehensive prevention, treatment, care and support
for mothers and children infected and affected by HIV.
They have all played an important role in informing PMTCT policy
and practice both in their respective provinces and in South Africa
This thematic brief
provides an overview of PMTCT in South
Africa including challenges to expanding PMTCT services, and
describes the MSP projects that aim to strengthen PMTCT through
improving health system capacity to delivery effective
interventions and quality, comprehensive services.
Read the full thematic brief on
preventing transmission of HIV from mother to child [PDF
Read about the 2009 national plan to
accelerate the provision of PMTCT, the A-Plan